Some of the aspect of the project was outstanding as it was managed well. The problem faced by the management during the project cycle are discussed below: a. Poor labor condition Safety of the worker involved in the project is always an important issue. Around eight to twelve thousand workers were involved directly in this project risking their life. Workers in this project were paid very low wages compare to the overall cost of the project.
Since there was no law stating the minimum wages to the worker, workers involved in the project were exploited. According to the report from Human Rights Watch Study some workers were reported earning less than 10 US dollar a day. Wise use of Resources: Since the building is m tall it was very difficult for the Engineers to lay down the concrete on the site.
Not only was this but the poor weather condition challenged the construction of the project. Weather reached 50 degree Celsius during the day time and the concreting had to be done during the night time. Researching was done so that concreting could be done at such a height.
Engineers were able to use the concrete pump with 80 MPA pressure that braked the record of laying the concrete on such a height. Strike This was one of the aspect of the project that cause the delay of the project. Management of the project was not able to handle strike. Worker carried out strike in between and A. Risk Management From this point of view project was well managed. Structure was designed very safely to withstand the effect of wind and gravity load.
There were numerous camera installed that could detect the unsafety condition and number of people inside the building. Project Analysis If the time and cost are taken as a parameter for the success of the project, then the project can be regarded as a failure. Since the estimated cost of the project was exceeded beyond the first cost and secondly the increased time period signify the failure of the management.
The overall height of the project was increased by m which was the reason for the unexpected loss of the money. The project was out of budget because the numerous changes.
It can be said that project management did not perform well. However, we will be using the terms quality, resource management, and goal achievement to analyze the project. Similarly benefits achieved by the stakeholder after the construction of the project can be used as a performance indicator to evaluate the success of the project.
The main contractor Samsung Engineering made use of the new technology that was based on their past experience of similar work. BurjKhalifa was made to with stand huge wind pressure. Reinforced concrete structure was used to withstand such pressure. Company carried out various tests in order to evaluate the strength of concrete before construction. These planning and tests enabled the building to withstand such a pressure. Company made effective use of their resources. The tower met the service requirement and was able to meet the expectation of stakeholders.
First of all, a rise in prices of raw materials had gone up significantly due to the downturn of the global economy in Other materials such as aluminum and cement also increased appendix 2. Increase of price of commodities caused a factor to increase construction cost. On the other hand, a change of design was also responsible for the cost increase. The Emaar property which is ordering company of project decided to change the final height of building: the final construction was meters higher than the original design Al abbar, Thus, unexpected costs were incurred.
Moreover, changes in interior design planning were another reason for the increase in costs. The Burj Khalifa aimed at being the world's best building and wished for that building to have the best facilities. Thus, Emaar made a contract with luxury hotel chain Armani. The Armani wanted to change the initial interior design of hotel. It is clear that the project spent more money in order to change the design of the lobby and to add more luxurious fittings and furnishings to the rooms.
Due to the overrun of its budget, as it can be seen in fiure2, the project's earned value is decreased compare to initial plan and cost. The project's cost management did not perform well. Naturally, these cost factors are linked to time, which is another important criterion of the "Iron Triangle" method of evaluation.
Originally, the duration of project was set for forty-seven months, starting from February to December , although excluding excavation time. However, the Burj Khalifa project was completed nine months later, on September As examined above, a change of design influenced not only costs of project, but also the duration of the construction as, needless to say, additional work was required with respect to changes in the design planning.
In addition to this, Dubai's deteriorating economic condition caused a delay in construction. This was called the "Dubai shock", and was caused by the bubble in real estate investment Brach and Loewe As a result, this economical decline halted construction for four months in Figure 3 shows the comparison between original plan and actual duration of project.
Finally, it is possible to use quality as a critical measure of the success or failure of a project. Jha and Iyer insist that the most significant factor is the project manager's competence in order to achieve the stated goals.
In this sense, resources management can be a one of key factors that could contribute depends on who build the building. The main constructor, Samsung engineering and Besix, introduced new technologies based on previous experiences with tall building construction.
For example, Burj Khalifa was built using "mixed reinforced concrete" in order to stand against heavy wind and pressure. The bottom of the building receives massive amounts of pressure, thus the strength of the concrete is very important Abdelrazaq, To achieve this successfully, the engineers did practice tests several times prior to the construction of the tower ibid.
The purpose of the tests was to see how the building would function under certain conditions. This testing phase was important because it allowed engineers to plan according to successful test-case studies. If these tests were not carried out, and problems were found later during the construction of the building, the cost of the project might have increased significantly. Also, from the service perspective, the facilities of tower met requirements of its stakeholders such as customers and interested parties.
Bookmark not defined. Project Charter Elements It was established in January and opened in January The Burj Khalifa is located in the UAE in the center of Dubai that is the most famous city in terms of architectural, tourist and commercial progress. It was co-built by 14, workers and engineers and the work was continuing under the hard weather and all conditions.
Burj Khalifa has one of the largest hotels in Dubai with suites, also has apartments that can serve 12, person in the same time, offices, parking, garden, fountains, as well as 6 restaurants that are considered as one of Dubai's largest restaurants, also they used to celebrations the new-year with fireworks in an amazing way. It is the only tower in the world, which has apartments and residential spaces. Burj Khalifa has 57 elevators of the fastest elevators to provide tourists with the maximum speed to move between the floors that consisting of floors and the inhabited are floors.
They also have elevators designated only for emergencies cases. Projects in Contemporary Organizations: 2. Strategic Management and Project Selection: 3. Managing Conflict and the Art of Negotiation 5. The Project in the Organizational Structure 6 Project Planning Project planning is the second phase of Burj Khalifa project life cycle, it considers as the formal phase since everything should be written here.
In order to make a good plan they should know the purpose, mission, vision, objective, requirements, risks, schedules and budget. In additional they should determine the availability of the resources and budget in order to start allocate resources. Planning is very important for any project since that will avoid us from loosing money, time and will make everything easier from the first time.
In the Planning stage, they should determine the primary purpose of the project and the impact as well in order to establish good plan with a set of activities with all detail, so everyone will work in this project will be able to know exactly what to do and what should be done, with the specific time to be done. That also will make them know all the required resources they will be needed in order to deliver the project successfully without wasting time, scope and money by knowing when they will need each resource.
Planning will help to complete the project with high quality in order to meet their expectations and satisfaction without exceeding cost or time that is required by the client. When we build the plan, we should put into consideration to make the project outcome meets the organization goal or objective.
The plan should cover the project activities and risk planning, budgeting: Estimating Costs and Risks, Scheduling and Resource Allocation. Project Activity and Risk Planning Project planning is the most important phase since if they do it in good way, the project will success.
In the Project Activity and Risk Planning, they include and write everything and all details for each task in the project from the beginning to the end in order to meet the project objective. They discussed this project with Dubai government, Also After meeting and agreeing on everything, they determined the Project Charter Elements that will be explain in chapter 3 in this report.
Next, they determine which activities could be done sequentially such as the beginning of construction or simultaneously such as Advanced and final stages in construction.Cost of the project The initial plan cost of the project was million dollars. Strategic Management and Project Selection: 3. Other materials such as aluminum and cement also increased appendix 2. A building with no peer and an incomparable feat of engineering Emaar - is how Burj Khalifa is described on its website. The construction access is a crucial factor for safe and timely transport of material, equipment and manpower. The bottom of the building receives massive amounts of pressure, thus the strength of the concrete is very important Abdelrazaq, If case was continually delayed, the management of the project failing and incurring even more costs would have. Prices of cements and other commodities were the main study behind the increased khalifa of construction. The Burj Khalifa tower resembles the shape of flower located on a desert. Research a project of good persuasive speech topics of any Iit jam chemistry previous year papers of day and night.
It is important to find reasons why this increase in cost occurred. Write the publication and iterate towards a harmonized paper writing. Burj Khalifa was officially opened to general public in A. The ,square-meter skyscraper contains office, residential, and retail space, along with a Giorgio Armani hotel. The Burj Khalifa is located in the UAE in the center of Dubai that is the most famous city in terms of architectural, tourist and commercial progress. Figure 3 shows the comparison between original plan and actual duration of project.
The project's cost management did not perform well. Next, they determine which activities could be done sequentially such as the beginning of construction or simultaneously such as Advanced and final stages in construction. Figure 3 shows the comparison between original plan and actual duration of project. This building is a symbol of group work and reflects human work can achieve anything through their continuous effort.
The net profit increased about 10 times compared to Not only was this but the poor weather condition challenged the construction of the project. So from the quality point of view project can be regarded as success. Other materials such as aluminum and cement also increased appendix 2.
This building is a symbol of group work and reflects human work can achieve anything through their continuous effort. The Project in the Organizational Structure Changes in the final height A change of design was responsible for the cost increase.
In many aspect the project was successful to meet the requirement so it can be concluded that project was a success. Workers in this project were paid very low wages compare to the overall cost of the project. Special studies were carried on Burj Khalifa to determine the magnitude of the changes that would have to be dealt with in the building design.
As a result, this economical decline halted construction for four months in Many people come to see the tower and enjoy luxurious facilities. The net profit increased about 10 times.
Burj Khalifa has 57 elevators of the fastest elevators to provide tourists with the maximum speed to move between the floors that consisting of floors and the inhabited are floors. As examined above, a change of design influenced not only costs of project, but also the duration of the construction as, needless to say, additional work was required with respect to changes in the design planning.
It also gives space to many office spaces. Strategic Management and Project Selection The report presented here will discuss the challenges and how the challenges were resolved. If construction was continually delayed, the possibility of the project failing and incurring even more costs would have been increased because risk also grows as well Barkely, Thus, the fact that the Burj Khalifa project was completed can be a yardstick for measuring its success as a project. Since there was no law stating the minimum wages to the worker, workers involved in the project were exploited.