Since history has already happened and people have been analyzing it for centuries and decades, students often wonder what they could actually analyze and report on for their dissertations in history.
Fortunately, there are still many history topics that can be successfully analyzed in dissertations today. Here are few 15 topics that could make your history dissertation stand apart from the crowd: What was the role of women during the Crimean War? How did this affect future wars? What was the driving factor that led Napoleon to want to rule France? In the case of a master's degree by research the thesis is usually examined by only two examiners.
Typically one of these examiners will be from within the candidate's own department; the other s will usually be from other universities and often from overseas. Following submission of the thesis, copies are sent by mail to examiners and then reports sent back to the institution. Similar to a master's degree by research thesis, a thesis for the research component of a master's degree by coursework is also usually examined by two examiners, one from the candidate's department and one from another university.
For an Honours year, which is a fourth year in addition to the usual three-year bachelor's degree, the thesis is also examined by two examiners, though both are usually from the candidate's own department.
Honours and Master's theses sometimes require an oral defense before they are accepted. Germany[ edit ] In Germany, a thesis is usually examined with an oral examination. This applies to almost all Diplom , Magister , master's and doctoral degrees as well as to most bachelor's degrees. However, a process that allows for revisions of the thesis is usually only implemented for doctoral degrees. There are several different kinds of oral examinations used in practice.
The Disputation, also called Verteidigung "defense" , is usually public at least to members of the university and is focused on the topic of the thesis.
In contrast, the Rigorosum is not held in public and also encompasses fields in addition to the topic of the thesis. The Rigorosum is only common for doctoral degrees. Another term for an oral examination is Kolloquium, which generally refers to a usually public scientific discussion and is often used synonymously with Verteidigung. In each case, what exactly is expected differs between universities and between faculties.
Some universities also demand a combination of several of these forms. Malaysia[ edit ] Like the British model, the PHD or MPhil student is required to submit their theses or dissertation for examination by two or three examiners. The first examiner is from the university concerned, the second examiner is from another local university and the third examiner is from a suitable foreign university usually from Commonwealth countries.
The choice of examiners must be approved by the university senate. In some public universities, a PhD or MPhil candidate may also have to show a number publications in peer reviewed academic journals as part of the requirement.
An oral viva is conducted after the examiners have submitted their reports to the university. The oral viva session is attended by the Oral Viva chairman, a rapporteur with a PhD qualification, the first examiner, the second examiner and sometimes the third examiner.
Branch campuses of British, Australian and Middle East universities in Malaysia use the respective models of the home campuses to examine their PhD or MPhil candidates.
Philippines[ edit ] In the Philippines, a thesis is followed by an oral defense. In most universities, this applies to all bachelor, master, and doctorate degrees. However, the oral defense is held in once per semester usually in the middle or by the end with a presentation of revisions so-called "plenary presentation" at the end of each semester.
The oral defense is typically not held in public for bachelor and master oral defenses, however a colloquium is held for doctorate degrees. Typical duration for the total exam is 1 hour 30 minutes for the MSc and 3 hours for the PhD. North America[ edit ] In North America, the thesis defense or oral defense is the final examination for doctoral candidates, and sometimes for master's candidates.
The examining committee normally consists of the thesis committee, usually a given number of professors mainly from the student's university plus his or her primary supervisor, an external examiner someone not otherwise connected to the university , and a chair person.
Each committee member will have been given a completed copy of the dissertation prior to the defense, and will come prepared to ask questions about the thesis itself and the subject matter. In many schools, master's thesis defenses are restricted to the examinee and the examiners, but doctoral defenses are open to the public. The typical format will see the candidate giving a short 20—minute presentation of his or her research, followed by one to two hours of questions.
At some U. Russia and Ukraine[ edit ] A student in Ukraine or Russia has to complete a thesis and then defend it in front of their department. Sometimes the defense meeting is made up of the learning institute's professionals and sometimes the students peers are allowed to view or join in.
After the presentation and defense of the thesis, the final conclusion of the department should be that none of them have reservations on the content and quality of the thesis. A conclusion on the thesis has to be approved by the rector of the educational institute. Spain[ edit ] The former Diploma de estudios avanzados DEA lasted two years and candidates were required to complete coursework and demonstrate their ability to research the specific topics they have studied.
From on, these courses were replaced by academic Master's programmes that include specific training on epistemology, and scientific methodology. After its completion, students are able to enrol in a specific PhD programme programa de doctorado and begin a dissertation on a set topic for a maximum time of three years full-time and five years part-time.
All students must have a full professor as an academic advisor director de tesis and a tutor, who is usually the same person. A dissertation tesis doctoral , with an average of pages, is the main requisite along with typically one previously published journal article. Once candidates have published their written dissertations, they will be evaluated by two external academics evaluadores externos and subsequently it is usually exhibited publicly for fifteen natural days.
After its approval, candidates must defend publicly their research before a three-member committee tribunal with at least one visiting academic: chair, secretary and member presidente, secretario y vocal. A typical public Thesis Defence defensa lasts 45 minutes and all attendants holding a doctoral degree are suitable to ask questions. A typical viva lasts for approximately 3 hours, though there is no formal time limit. Involved in the viva are two examiners and the candidate.
Usually, one examiner is an academic from the candidate's own university department but not one of the candidate's supervisors and the other is an external examiner from a different university. Dissertation Prospectus Candidates are required to present a dissertation proposal for approval by the Dissertation Committee.
Candidates should first present to the Dissertation Supervisor a page prospectus indicating the nature of the problem the candidate plans to investigate, the body of literature relevant to the problem and the candidate's expected contribution to that literature, the specific research methods and plans to be followed in the study, the availability and accessibility of the relevant materials including specific archival collections and other sources, and a tentative schedule for research and writing.
After consultation with the Dissertation Supervisor, the prospectus must then be presented to the Dissertation Committee for their suggestions and approval. If one of the Dissertation Committee members cannot attend this presentation, another faculty member will join the committee for the discussion of the prospectus. A student who is not admitted to candidacy within a period of three years from the date of initial registration will be required to withdraw from the program.
The faculty member supervising the dissertation who must be an associate or full professor is the first reader and chair. The committee chair should report the names of the committee to the Graduate Committee.
The student should also look ahead to the final oral defense of the dissertation.The Fellows are expected to be in their final year at Duke. The role of the female in British royal court The role of the female in colonial India. Asian Studies , subject e. The dissertation writer should also to stay in contact with other members of the advisory committee. A bachelor's thesis is often 40—60 pages long, a diploma thesis and a master's thesis usually 60— Following dissertation of the thesis, copies Phd sent by is a confused United States[ edit ] In some the institution. The DGS must obtain the permission of the Senior Associate Dean for history participation at least a week before the oral exam. Selection Procedures The Graduate School's selection procedures The majority report movie schedule mail to examiners and then reports sent back to apply to fellowships administered through the Graduate School: Nominations.
These are month internships, beginning in August or September, and each provides a stipend of at least commensurate to that offered by a departmental fellowship. In addition, the presentation of the research project will help the candidate choose their primary thesis adviser. A bachelor's thesis is often 40—60 pages long, a diploma thesis and a master's thesis usually 60— The submission for a Habilitation , which is an academic qualification, not an academic degree, is called Habilitationsschrift, not Habilitationsarbeit. You will also need to decide if you are going to pursue a topic that is closer to present day life or if you are going to back centuries. Depending on the fellowship, the department either ranks the applicants or makes nominations.
You will need to decide whether you want to learn about an individual country or an entire continent. First, to obtain the status of doctoral candidates, graduate students typically write a qualifying examination or comprehensive examination, which often includes an oral defense. While foreign research is more expensive than most U. This notice includes the student's name, dissertation title, and the names of the committee members, as well as the time, place, and date of the exam as agreed upon by the student, the primary advisor, and the committee. Forms are not transferrable so if plans change and a student is unable to finish, they will need to complete the same form again for the semester they plan to receive their degree in. Recipients are paid in salary and fellowship from which they must pay tuition and fees.
Dissertation Prospectus Candidates are required to present a dissertation proposal for approval by the Dissertation Committee.
Click the "Submit your paper or article" link at the bottom of the gray box at left. The thesis is accepted as presented. Theses Canada acquires and preserves a comprehensive collection of Canadian theses at Library and Archives Canada ' LAC through a partnership with Canadian universities who participate in the program. The thesis must be revised extensively and undergo the evaluation and defense process again from the beginning with the same examiners. The dissertation advisory committee consists of three faculty members.