There will be an estimated 4. Between and , employment increased by , The same scenario will continue into the future. In the absence of migration, the number of employed people under 35 would fall by , between and But with net overseas migration of ,, it would rise by , In an age of rapidly changing technology, young workers are valuable and can accommodate changes in occupational structure. The net can be spread a little wider through skilled temporary migration - the most effective way to fill labour shortages in regional areas in the short term.
There is lots of evidence that movement responds to labour demand. The fertility rate has been relatively stable since but births are higher than long-term averages. Fertility reversed its long-term decline in It rose until and since then has remained relatively stable.
There are 50, more children born each year in Australia than the long-term average. This is due to there being greater numbers of women of childbearing age. The number of deaths have been increasing. Problems: An increase in the percentage of elderly dependents is a strain on the working population as higher taxation is required to support the pensions of the elderly and to fund services such as health care and specialised homes. Government-funded pensions may have to shrink to cover everybody, leaving many people with less to spend and some in poverty.
In contrast, services for younger people, such as schools, are underused. These services may then have to close eg. Woodly School in North Yorkshire which shut in due to a lack of students. As a result, some people may be left unemployed. Also, there are not enough economically active people, causing a lack of workforce and making it harder to defend the country.
In Botswana, this occurs mainly during sexual intercourse or from mother to child during pregnancy. AIDS can also spread via contaminated blood transfusions or contaminated needle use usually in drug users. Many are fleeing from barrel bombings and shootings that have destroyed their houses and killed family members.
Also, the refugees are attempting to avoid political persecution, as the goverment has arrested and tortured civilians who they think could be working against them. Others are emigrating to prevent being abused by radically religious groups such as IS, who have trained child soldiers and organised kidnappings and extrajudicial executions. Besides, Germany is perceived as a country that protects and promotes human rights, offering food, shelter and language courses to refugees.
The area was first settled in th 20th century because of: water supply from two rivers flat, fertile soil for cultivation extensive forests for building and firewood Services provided include: a grain mill, mosques and schools.
Villagers walk to the neighbouring towns of Dera and Bofa to access a local market and shops. The area was first known to be settled by farmers in the 11th century and by the 18th century, the village had 4 arable farms, a shepherd and 6 horsefarms. It is found along the Mid-Atlantic ridge, where new earth crust is created.
Lava eruptions in March were followed by an explosive eruption on April 14th The lava flows damaged many homes and roads and services were disrupted due to evacuation measures. Flooding was caused as glacial ice melted and torrents of water were flowing down the slopes of the land. Also, ash covered large plots of agricultural land, damaging the crops. The massive ash cloud blocked air traffic in large parts of Europe for several days, leaving tourists and business people stranded at their destinations.
Immediate responses included an emergency evacuation of more than people. Longterm responses are the reconstruction of damages houses and roads and research on the effect of ash on air planes. Earthquake: Haiti, On the 12th of January a 7. Stress building up along the conservative margin between the North American Plate and the Carribean plate was released by slippage along the fault running parallel to the plate boundary south of Port-au-Prince.
The major earthquake was followed by several aftershocks up to a magnitude of 5. The earthquake resulted in approximately , deaths massive loss of life , destruction of , homes and around 5, schools. Dhaka is the capital city of Bangladesh, and many people have migrated to Dhaka from the rural areas.
This increases the population density in Dhaka and puts pressure on resources such as housing, health care, water and sanitation, education etc. Many people cannot afford to live in permanent accommodation and will be forced to live in Bustees name for Shanty towns in India and Bangladesh located on the edge of the Dhaka.
These residences are semi-permanent, sub-standard, overcrowded and lack amenities such as electricity, sewage disposal, and clean water supplies, which contribute towards the spread of diseases and an increase in the death rate. Too many people in the cities cause a stress on health care and medical facilities such as hospitals and medication, which again contributes towards a higher death rate.
More people mean more traffic, which causes congestion problems and the release of Nitrous Oxide from exhaust fumes causes air pollution. With limited funds the government cannot afford to develop the transport system. Many people will not be able to find a job which leads to high unemployment rates, or people working in low paid informal sector employment.
In addition to this, poor access to education in both rural and urban areas results in many people being unqualified and therefore they struggle to get a well paid job and live in poverty. What are some the solutions to these problems?Lava eruptions in March were followed by an explosive eruption on April 14th Females are not fully emancipated which is another contributory factor to the country having a high birth rate. Through its impact on ageing, immigration also has a positive effect on GDP. Environmental problems: Alluvium becomes trapped behind dams eg.
This, along with an already high soil moisture from the wet spring weather, gave rise to severe flood discharges in the Danube and Elbe rivers. It is found along the Mid-Atlantic ridge, where new earth crust is created.
However, the Ganges Delta is threatened by floods, especially from heavy rainfall during the monsoon season and icewater runoff from the slopes of the Himalaya. The toyotarisation disturbs animals, kills vegetation and creates dust stroms. Furthermore, population pressure results in overcultivation and overgrazing, especially around cities like Jodhpur and Jaisalmer, damaging the natural vegetation. But for many industrial economies, the opposite might be true as those economies often thrive on mortgaging the future by way of debt and retirement transfer payments that originally assumed rising tax revenues from a continually expanding population base i. Tropical Rainforest in Borneo Borneo has experienced the fastest tropical rainforest clearance in the world.
Also, ash covered large plots of agricultural land, damaging the crops. The storm drifted towards Florida and intensified as it passed over the warm waters of the Gulf of Mexico. Woodly School in North Yorkshire which shut in due to a lack of students. It is up to you to decide the order. The period immediately after the Black Death, for instance, was one of great prosperity, as people had inheritances from many different family members.
Longterm responses are the reconstruction of damages houses and roads and research on the effect of ash on air planes. Spillages also pollute the beaches along the British coast eg. How did Katrina form? The area was first settled in th 20th century because of: water supply from two rivers flat, fertile soil for cultivation extensive forests for building and firewood Services provided include: a grain mill, mosques and schools. Use the photographs from google maps and other sources to illustrate why large areas of Australia are sparsely populated and only a few small regions are more densely populated.
Environmental problems: Alluvium becomes trapped behind dams eg. And it prompted us to revisit and update our most popular e-book, 3 growth markets in Australia to explore the impacts of this change. Close Republish this article We believe in the free flow of information. Besides, tourism is well established in the area, with around , visitors annually on the Dutch island of Texel alone.
River traffic was blocked for several weeks and many railway lines were closed due to flood damage and landslides. It has been formed along the Holderness coast under the influence of prevailing winds from the North which result in wave refraction. Read the problems below and then copy them into your document ranking them by importance.
Read more For men, the odds of dying between the ages of 55 and 75 fell from 54 per cent in , to 20 per cent in
More people mean more traffic, which causes congestion problems and the release of Nitrous Oxide from exhaust fumes causes air pollution. Download the e-book. These residences are semi-permanent, sub-standard, overcrowded and lack amenities such as electricity, sewage disposal, and clean water supplies, which contribute towards the spread of diseases and an increase in the death rate.
Victoria leads the pack in attracting new migrants from interstate. Villagers walk to the neighbouring towns of Dera and Bofa to access a local market and shops. The moistureholding capacity decreases; it rains. With the low humidity, there are few clouds to reflect the sunlight and as there is no evaporative cooling, most of the sunlight warms the ground surface, creating hot temperatures.