But Roy continued to explore the depths of Hinduism only to highlight its hypocrisy. Fight for women rights and the abolition of Sati Pratha Ram Mohan Roy believed the extremely low position of Hindu women was responsible for practices like Sati Pratha. He advocated the abolition of polygamy and wanted women to be educated and given the right to inherit property. It can be said that his most significant contribution as a social engineer was towards women's rights. Representational Image Nearly years ago, when evils like -- Sati -- plagued the society, Roy played a critical role to bring about a change.
He opposed the regressive practice that forced a widow to immolate herself on husband's pyre. He advocated the right of women to be remarried. The samaj was a highly influential socio-religious reform movement which raised its voice against evils like caste system, dowry, ill-treatment of women, etc. Educational contributions He put remarkable efforts in the education system of India.
He revolutionized the education system in India by setting up Hindu College at Calcutta in , which went on to become one of the best educational institutions in the country. Roy promoted and urged teaching of the scientific subjects like Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and even Botany. He promoted technology, western medicine and English to be taught at Indian schools.
His most popular journals covered socio-political issues in India which helped Indians to rise above their current state. The news and articles before being published had to be approved by the government in those days. Ram Mohan Roy continued his crusade against the sati system with unabated zeal and enthusiasm.
He wrote articles and pamphlets both in Bengali and English against this so evil religious custom and stigma. Consequently, he had to face the anger and backlash of the orthodox Hindus but he never lost heart nor gave up the cause.
He also took up the cause of widow re-marriage and abolition of child marriages. It was because of his relentless efforts and crusade against the system of sati that it was finally banned by the government in December, A law was passed making the practice of sati illegal and punishable as a criminal offence. Raja Ram Mohan Roy knew well that Indian society in general and the Hindu society in particular suffered from many social and religious evils and superstitions mainly becomes of lack of education and rational thinking.
Therefore, he propagated the study of science and underlined the importance of opening schools in villages, towns and cities. In he opened his own school and named it Anglo-Hindu School. Later he also set up a Vedanta College.
He wrote frequently on many scientific subjects of immediate social importance and also translated ancient Hindu religious texts into Bengali, Hindi and English. Ram Mohan Roy wrote the first book on Bengali grammar and composed many hymns and songs and set them to music. His writings also sparked interest among British and American Unitarians. His objective was to translate, publish and distribute the Bible in Indian languages and propagate Christianity to the Indian peoples.
He learnt the Buddhist and Jain religious works to better argue the case for Christianity in a cultural context. Carey's involvement is not recorded in his very detailed records and he reports only learning to read Sanskrit in and only completed a grammar in , the same year he translated part of The Bible from Joshua to Job , a massive task.
However, a few British magistrates and collectors began to suspect and its usage as well as the reliance on pandits as sources of Hindu Law was quickly deprecated. Vidyavagish had a brief falling out with Carey and separated from the group, but maintained ties to Ram Mohan Roy. Ram Mohan also continued his vocation as pandit in the English courts and started to make a living for himself.
He began learning Greek and Latin. William Carey had by this time settled at Serampore and the old trio renewed their profitable association. William Carey was also aligned now with the English Company, then head-quartered at Fort William, and his religious and political ambitions were increasingly intertwined. Bengali had not yet become the language of intellectual discourse.
The importance of Tuhfatul Muwahhidin lies only in its being the first known theological statement of one who achieved later fame and notoriety as a vendantin. On its own, it is unremarkable, perhaps of interest only to a social historian because of its amateurish eclecticism. Raja Ram Mohan Roy did not know the Upanishad at this stage in his intellectual development. Ram Mohan Roy was one of the first to try to estimate how much money was being taken out of India and to where it was disappearing.
He estimated that around one-half of all total revenue collected in India was sent out to England, leaving India, with a considerably larger population, to use the remaining money to maintain social well-being.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. He also set up the Vedanta College, offering courses as a synthesis of Western and Indian learning. He made every possible effort to make his motherland a better place for the future generations to come.
He read Upanishads, Vedas and the Quran and translated a lot of the scriptures into English. He was also truly modern with a scientific bent of mind. Raja Ram Mohan Roy knew well that Indian society in general and the Hindu society in particular suffered from many social and religious evils and superstitions mainly becomes of lack of education and rational thinking.
It not only discarded meaningless rites and rituals but also forbade idol-worship. His most popular journal was the Sambad Kaumudi.
Religious reforms[ edit ] Ram Mohan Roy on a stamp of India The religious reforms of Roy contained in some beliefs of the Brahmo Samaj expounded by Rajnarayan Basu  are: Brahmo Samaj believe that the most fundamental doctrines of Brahmoism are at the basis of every religion followed by a man. Kulinism was a synonym for polygamy and the dowry system, both of which Rammohan campaigned against. He also set up the Vedanta College, offering courses as a synthesis of Western and Indian learning.