Following the thesis, you should provide a mini-outline which previews the examples you will use to support your thesis in the rest of the essay. Not only does this tell the reader what to expect in the paragraphs to come but it also gives them a clearer understanding of what the essay is about. Finally, designing the last sentence in this way has the added benefit of seamlessly moving the reader to the first paragraph of the body of the paper.
In this way we can see that the basic introduction does not need to be much more than three or four sentences in length. If yours is much longer you might want to consider editing it down a bit! Here, by way of example, is an introductory paragraph to an essay in response to the following question: "Do we learn more from finding out that we have made mistakes or from our successful actions?
People learn by doing and, accordingly, learn considerably more from their mistakes than their success. For proof of this, consider examples from both science and everyday experience.
DO — Pay Attention to Your Introductory Paragraph Because this is the first paragraph of your essay it is your opportunity to give the reader the best first impression possible. The introductory paragraph not only gives the reader an idea of what you will talk about but also shows them how you will talk about it. At the same time, unless it is a personal narrative, avoid personal pronouns like I, My, or Me. Try instead to be more general and you will have your reader hooked.
The Body Paragraphs The middle paragraphs of the essay are collectively known as the body paragraphs and, as alluded to above, the main purpose of a body paragraph is to spell out in detail the examples that support your thesis. For the first body paragraph you should use your strongest argument or most significant example unless some other more obvious beginning point as in the case of chronological explanations is required. The first sentence of this paragraph should be the topic sentence of the paragraph that directly relates to the examples listed in the mini-outline of introductory paragraph.
A one sentence body paragraph that simply cites the example of "George Washington" or "LeBron James" is not enough, however. What do you feel passionate about? What topics do you find yourself arguing for or against? Choose the side of the topic you are "for" rather than "against," and your essay will be stronger. Do you love gardening? Are you an advocate for children? These are clues to your best essays.
Put your idea into a single sentence. This is your thesis statement , your main idea. The strongest titles will include a verb. Take a look at any newspaper and you'll see that every title has a verb. You want your title to make someone want to read what you have to say. Make it provocative. Is your purpose to persuade?
To explain how to accomplish something? Or to education about a person, place, thing or idea? The topic you choose needs to support the purpose of your essay. The purpose of your essay is defined by the type of paper you're writing. There are three basic types of essay papers: Analytical - An analytical essay paper breaks down an idea or issue into its its key components.
Expository - Also known as explanatory essays, expositories provide explanations of something. Argumentative - These type of essays, also known as persuasive essays, make a specific claim about a topic and then provide evidence and arguments to support the claim.
The claim set forth in argumentative persuasive essays may be an opinion, an evaluation, an interpretation, cause-effect statement or a policy proposal. The purpose of argumentative essays is to convince or persuade the reader that a claim is valid. Once you have defined the purpose of your essay, it's time to brainstorm.
Don't choose just one topic right of the bat. Take some time to consider, contrast and weight your options. Get out a piece of paper and make a list of all the different topics that fit the purpose of your essay. Once they're all down on paper, start by eliminating those topics that are difficult or not as relevant as others topics.
Also, get rid of those topics that are too challenging or that you're just not that interested in. Pretty soon you will have whittled your list down to just a few topics and then you can make a final choice. They want to make sure they have all their thoughts organized in their head before they put anything down on paper.
Creating a diagram or outline allows you to put pen to paper and start organizing your ideas. Don't worry or agonize over organization at this point, just create a moderately organized format for your information. Whether you use a diagram or outline doesn't really matter. Some people prefer and work better with the flowing structure of a diagram. Others like the rigid and logical structure of an outline. Read and reread your paper to ensure the sentences are sensible and paragraphs flow into each other smoothly.
Check the grammar, spelling, and punctuation make necessary corrections. Delete any irrelevant sections; improve expressions by changing the vocabulary. Ensure you meet the word count. Now write up your final draft and submit it before the deadline.
It is not easy to do the editing and the proofreading on your own. Give your essay to a friend to go through it before writing your final draft or rather use professional proofreading services available online at affordable prices.
Write the introductory paragraph After creating a thesis statement and the body of the essay write an introductory paragraph. The strongest titles will include a verb. What topics do you find yourself arguing for or against? While this sounds like a lot of steps to write a simple essay, if you follow them you will be able to write more successful, clear and cohesive essays. The thesis will usually be used in your introductory paragraph.
Knowing what kind of essay you are trying to write can help you decide on a topic and structure your essay in the best way possible. Descriptive Essays: Focus on the details of what is going on. This structure serves as a foundation for your paper. Likewise, the third and fourth body paragraphs, like the first and second, will contain your third and fourth strongest arguments supporting your thesis statement. Taken together, then, the overall structure of a five paragraph essay should look something like this: Introduction Paragraph.
DO — Be Powerful The conclusion paragraph can be a difficult paragraph to write effectively but, as it is your last chance to convince or otherwise impress the reader, it is worth investing some time in. You could, for example, write an expository essay with step-by-step instructions on how to make a peanut butter sandwich.
Instead, try to use this last paragraph to really show your skills as a writer by being as artful in your rephrasing as possible.
If this is persuasive argumentative essay, then write down your arguments. What is it that interests you? You see, if your essay has the same structure as every other one, any reader should be able to quickly and easily find the information most relevant to them.
You cannot always count on spell check to recognize every spelling error as sometimes you can spell a word incorrectly but your misspelling will also be a word, such as spelling from as form. Think about your life. Make sure you have a strong introduction and conclusion so the reader comes away knowing exactly what your paper was about.
Jot these subjects down. Each paragraph should contain quotes or contextual information to defend your topic sentence and thesis statement. Here, by way of example, is an introductory paragraph to an essay in response to the following question: "Do we learn more from finding out that we have made mistakes or from our successful actions? Maybe you need a stronger key point.
DO NOT — Copy the First Paragraph Although you can reuse the same key words in the conclusion as you did in the introduction, try not to copy whole phrases word for word. Conclude your essay Your conclusion should always begin by restating your thesis statement.
What is the essay topic? In your introduction, you stated the reason for your paper. Are you an advocate for children? Is your essay to inform or persuade?
Whatever the mission of the essay, make sure that you are interested in your topic. You cannot make a cake without breaking a few eggs and, likewise, we learn by doing and doing inevitably means making mistakes. To further illustrate this, consider the second body paragraph of our example essay: In a similar way, we are all like Edison in our own way. For the first body paragraph you should use your strongest argument or most significant example unless some other more obvious beginning point as in the case of chronological explanations is required. How can I relate this essay topic to what we have covered in class?
The second body paragraph will follow the same format as the first body paragraph. Write and Edit Once you have an outline, its time to start writing. The reader needs to know this and it is your job as the writer to paint the appropriate picture for them. An essay is a written composition where you express a specific idea and then support it with facts, statements, analysis and explanations.