In the backdrop of protests in Kudankulam and Jaitapur, scientists have also revisited designs of future nuclear reactors to ensure they conform to tests of robustness against earthquakes, flooding and extended station blackout. Along with this, PM has also asked AERB to review the safety measures and has held meetings with the departments concerned and authorities to discuss the issue. Four committees have been formed to go into additional security measures after the Fukushima tragedy.
In the backdrop of protests scientists have also revisited designs of future nuclear reactors to ensure they conform to tests of robustness against earthquakes, flooding and extended station blackout.
Measures need to be taken based on the outcome of these tests and the measures taken must be publicly announced so as to win the confidence of the localites. Since the activists are not aware of all the precautions and arrangements that are already in place, they protest. The state government through its awareness programmes, camps and workshops should convince people about the safety measures in place in the power plant as they also derive benefits from the power plant.
They should also educate people regarding the geographical conditions of the place and the level of seismic activity in these areas where the nuclear power plants are located. This should be compared with safety measures taken in nuclear plants located in higher seismic zones such as in Japan.
The fears of the people that letting condenser water into the sea affects fish and marine life must also be addressed. Awareness meetings held in the villages should focus on these and it is the responsibility of the leaders of the groups protesting against the plant to convince other members.
The benefits of the nuclear energy for the state and for themselves must also be explained. All these would help the protest die down and ensure local co-operation in building the plant. This in turn helps India achieve its intended target of harnessing nuclear energy by Repression by the State Continues Unabated The Tamil Nadu police are abusing legal tools and employing force to subvert the movement, which has engaged only in peaceful protest.
Not a single instance of violence has been reported since the first phase of the indefinite strike began in September False cases have been filed against the protesters, as their leaders have been charged with sedition and waging war against the government. Prohibitory orders have been issued within a seven kilometre radius of the plant. The police shot down an unarmed man named Anthony John in the coastal village of Manappadu. Several people including a small baby are said to be missing.
The police station has registered fabricated cases against more than 50, people. At least twenty-one sections of the Indian Penal Code IPC have been used, including Section Waging War against the Government of India , which has been used against 3, people and Section A Sedition , which has been used against 3, people.
These arrests have led to a number of disturbing effects. In some instances, both parents were arrested, leaving the children alone. A mentally challenged person was arrested despite documentary evidence of his mental illness.
The aged and the physically challenged too were taken into custody; no one was spared. In its most damning finding, the team, which included Kalpana Sharma, a senior journalist, and R. The team said that the use of force against peaceful protesters was unjustified. Police had used their batons to beat protesters who wanted work on the nuclear plant to be stopped. The team also found that police, while trying to control the agitation, looted and damaged private and public property. In the Tsunami Colony, the fear was palpable.
Most houses were locked as people were afraid to return to their homes. Villagers showed their houses, whose window panes had been broken, cupboards ransacked and doors damaged allegedly by the police who entered the village on September 10, For the next several days, a police force camped in the village. As a result, even today many of the residents of the village are afraid to spend the night there and instead sleep in the tent outside the Lourdes Matha Church in Idinthakarai.
Fear was also evident in Vairavikinaru village, where villagers showed the evidence of the destruction to houses when the police party raided the village on September Nine people were arrested including a year-old boy and a year-old man who was almost blind. Villagers in Kudankulam were even more terrified as they live closest to the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project.
On September 10, a large police contingent entered the village, arrested 34 people, broke into houses where the frightened residents hid, and destroyed property and vehicles. Now, villagers said they are so afraid that they lock their doors after dark. Many cannot sleep and are fearful when they hear a vehicle entering the village. In all these villages, one common factor was that each of those arrested was charged under identical sections.
The other more disturbing testimony was from the women in all four villages. They spoke of the abusive and sexist remarks of the police when they came to their village and also when some of the women went to the police station.
When one thinks of nuclear power, they think radiation, however not all nuclear reactions emit radiation. The plant has been in operation since and is operated by Nuclear Power Corporation of India. These are as follows: i Accelerated exploitation of domestic conventional energy resources; ii Intensification of exploration to achieve indigenous production of oil and gas; iii Management of demand of oil and other forms of energy; iv Energy conservation and management: v Optimization and utilisation of existing capability in the country; vi Development and exploitation of renewable sources of energy to meet energy requirements of rural communities; vii Intensification of resources and development activities in new and renewable energy resources; and viii Organisation of training for personnel engaged at various level in the energy sector.
The agreement was initially for the setting up of two nuclear reactors in Tirunelveli. U s electorial system research paper tok essay help themenwahl dissertation help wong harry paper essay. However, almost all the nuclear energy we use today comes in the form of electricity, which is not dangerous. Until , materials had to be brought in via road from the port of Thoothukudi , risking damage during transportation. Zirconium: India possesses large resources of this rare metal in the mineral zircon Zr per cent which forms about 6 per cent of the well-known ilmenite beach sands of the Indian coasts, particularly the Kerala coast.
Zirconium: India possesses large resources of this rare metal in the mineral zircon Zr per cent which forms about 6 per cent of the well-known ilmenite beach sands of the Indian coasts, particularly the Kerala coast. The global climate and overall health of the world is shifting toward the worse, and humanity only has itself to blame. To meet the long term energy needs of the country, a three-stage nuclear power programme was formulated in Many of them are still languishing in jail, and their bail is being denied or delayed. A nuclear reactor that produces the same kind of fissile material as it burns, as called the breeder reactor. Their lifestyle provides a sense of belonging, and they are the ones who are able to identify their real priorities.
All these would help the protest die down and ensure local co-operation in building the plant.
The protestors, led by S. Currently in the US, nuclear power makes up 8. Rgu essay about myself pot of gold plautus critical essay 4 paragraph essay on basketball introduction paragraph for argumentative essay. Abdul Kalam In , a port was constructed for transporting raw materials to the plant. The state government through its awareness programmes, camps and workshops should convince people about the safety measures in place in the power plant as they also derive benefits from the power plant.
A majority of the time, nuclear plants run off the fission of one of three elements: Uranium , Uranium , or Plutonium Reserves of ilmenite TjO2— per cent are computed at nearly million tonnes. Unit 1 was shut down in June for refuelling and annual maintenance.
The reactor building has a series of passive hydrogen re-combiners to convert abnormal production of hydrogen into water. Commissioning of Unit 1[ edit ] The first reactor of the plant attained criticality on 13 July at pm. Fishing communities living in Idinthakarai village in Kudankulam, who are at forefront of the struggle, have been keeping up a brave front for more than two decades to save their lives, their livelihoods, and their natural surroundings, with which they have inextricable links. Faced with the real prospect of having to abandon the project, the government, led by the Congress party, is doing what it does best: divide and rule; set different communities against each other; and allege that foreign hands are at play. Some of the modified features include pre-stressed concrete reactor containment building, stainless steel end shields, submarine tunnel for drawing cooling water from the sea and an indoor switchyard.
It will be used for neutron radiography irradiated fuel.
The reactor building has a series of passive hydrogen re-combiners to convert abnormal production of hydrogen into water. Though these reserves are large, they are by no means inexhaustible at the rate of depletion that was prevalent in the years previous to World War II.
Countries need to eliminate the use of nuclear energy due to the problems it causes. Villagers showed their houses, whose window panes had been broken, cupboards ransacked and doors damaged allegedly by the police who entered the village on September 10,
The Kudankulam movement is their struggle for alternative development. Here uranium mineralization is associated with sulphidic copper and oxidized iron, rather than with gold, lead, zinc or vanadium ores. Some of the nuclear equipment manufactured in the country for the second unit include the reactor vessel calandria , end shields, dump tank, shield tank, steam generators, fuelling machines, sealing and shield plugs, etc. Along with this PM Manmohan Singh has also directed the department of atomic energy to maintain close contact with the local people, the local authorities and the state government. Abdul Kalam In , a port was constructed for transporting raw materials to the plant. The team said that the use of force against peaceful protesters was unjustified.