Have a link sentence that wraps up your paragraph and links to your thesis or links to the next body paragraph. Primary And Secondary Sources Primary sources are sources that were created during the time of the event you are writing about. For ancient history, this would span about or so years from when the event happened. Secondary sources are sources created after the time period. For example, the Iliad by Homer would be considered as a primary source when writing about The Trojan War. A secondary source would the movie 'Troy' when talking about The Trojan War.
Generally, for year 12 essays for High School Certificates, the marker expects about pieces of evidence, which should be a mix of secondary and primary sources. Generally, markers expect a span of about words within body paragraphs.
Tips For Body Paragraphs: Quotes When it comes to quotes you don't need to write down the entire quote. In fact, it is advised that you paraphrase a quote into your own words to show your level of understanding based on a historian's position. For example; 'Only the dead have seen the end of war. If it's necessary, it should be used as an indented quote. Using Indecisive Language Most when unsure about their own judgement would be tempted to use the word 'may' or 'perhaps.
Using Personal Pronouns I, you, he, she, it, we, they, me, him, her, us, and them The use of 'you' within a history essay can detract from your argument and result in marks being deducted from your essay. This is because formal language is normally used to within academic essays. This is because history essays are meant to be written with an objective stance since academic essays are analytical rather than descriptive.
It is not enough to describe what happened or to write a narrative of past events. You must argue a position. Using 'I' can create a subjective atmosphere since it implies that the entire essay is being driven by your opinions rather than the facts that you provide. This detracts from the reliability of the essay. Many skip this step to regret it then.
The outline is the map that shows where you need to arrive historically and when. Taking the time to plan, placing the strongest argument last, and identifying your sources of research is a good use of time. Primary resources are those that were created during the historical period being analyzed. Secondary resources are those created by historians and scholars about the topic. Most tutors prefer primary over secondary sources. Where to find sources? Great question! This is the first chance you have to impress — or depress — an examiner, and first impressions are often decisive.
You might therefore try to write an eye-catching first sentence. De Mille. More important is that you demonstrate your understanding of the question set. Here you give your carefully thought out definitions of the key terms, and here you establish the relevant time-frame and issues — in other words, the parameters of the question. Also, you divide the overall question into more manageable sub-divisions, or smaller questions, on each of which you will subsequently write a paragraph.
You formulate an argument, or perhaps voice alternative lines of argument, that you will substantiate later in the essay. Hence the first paragraph — or perhaps you might spread this opening section over two paragraphs — is the key to a good essay. On reading a good first paragraph, examiners will be profoundly reassured that its author is on the right lines, being relevant, analytical and rigorous.
They will probably breathe a sign of relief that here is one student at least who is avoiding the two common pitfalls. The first is to ignore the question altogether. The second is to write a narrative of events — often beginning with the birth of an individual — with a half-hearted attempt at answering the question in the final paragraph.
Middle Paragraphs Philip Larkin once said that the modern novel consists of a beginning, a muddle and an end. The same is, alas, all too true of many history essays. It should be obvious, from your middle paragraphs, what question you are answering. So consider starting each middle paragraph will a generalisation relevant to the question. Then you can develop this idea and substantiate it with evidence. You must give a judicious selection of evidence i.
You only have a limited amount of space or time, so think about how much detail to give. Relatively unimportant background issues can be summarised with a broad brush; your most important areas need greater embellishment. The regulations often specify that, in the A2 year, students should be familiar with the main interpretations of historians. Do not ignore this advice. On the other hand, do not take historiography to extremes, so that the past itself is virtually ignored. Quite often in essays students give a generalisation and back it up with the opinion of an historian — and since they have formulated the generalisation from the opinion, the argument is entirely circular, and therefore meaningless and unconvincing.
It also fatuously presupposes that historians are infallible and omniscient gods. Unless you give real evidence to back up your view — as historians do — a generalisation is simply an assertion. Middle paragraphs are the place for the real substance of an essay, and you neglect this at your peril.Here you give your carefully thought out definitions of the key terms, and here you establish the relevant time-frame and issues — in other words, the parameters of the question. This sentence introduces the paragraph topic and briefly explains its significance to the question and your contention. Unless you give real evidence to back up your view — as historians do — a generalisation is simply an assertion. A typical body paragraph is arranged as follows: Topic sentence linking to the thesis Background of the topic Research quotation or paraphrase 1 Explanation and analysis of research Research quotation or paraphrase 2 Explanation and analysis of research Discussion Transition to the next paragraph The point of body paragraphs is to build the argument. Choosing the right resource for your research will help enhance the credibility of the information that you are presenting in your paper. Good history essays should adopt the perspective of an informed and objective third party.
Do we have to consider short-term and long-term successes? Most tutors prefer primary over secondary sources. Writing an essay for history is not necessarily the same as it may be for an English class. The format for a history paper is fundamental as it will determine how you are going to accomplish your writing.
You can of course follow the herd and repeat the interpretation given in your textbook.
Consult your teacher, a capable classmate or someone you trust. Avoid too much generalization of your work because you may turn out not to achieve the target of your paper while focusing on other happenings surrounding your topic.
Using Personal Pronouns I, you, he, she, it, we, they, me, him, her, us, and them The use of 'you' within a history essay can detract from your argument and result in marks being deducted from your essay. You could include a fact or statistic as the first sentence. Secondary sources are sources created after the time period.