Like Minhajul, grassroots poultry farmers across the country have been forced to close down their farms due to multiple problems, posing a threat to an industry that once held great potential.
Five years back, about 1,50, SME-oriented poultry farms were active in the country whereas the number has fallen down to 60, recently. Besides, the previous SME farmers are investing in other business sectors while withdrawing investments from the poultry segment. Meanwhile, the existing root-level poultry farmers, who started this business several years ago, cannot make enough profit from the sector at present. Bangladesh Poultry Khamar Rokkha Jatiya Parishad blamed the absence of the proper practice of regulations and monitoring in this sector as the main cause of the problem.
Select Suitable Farming System Following three systems are suitable for commercial poultry farming in Bangladesh. According to the climate of Bangladesh the most effective farming systems are Extensive system, Intensive poultry farming system. Select Highly Productive Poultry Breeds There are numerous highly productive poultry breeds available throughout the globe.
Some of those are very suitable for commercial purpose according to the weather and climate of Bangladesh. You can start raising poultry for meat and egg production.
Choose proper breed for your desired production. You can contact with your nearest poultry producer or any expert in this industry to learn about which breeds are producing more.
Mostly raised and common poultry breeds in Bangladesh are listed below. Broilers: Broilers are highly meat productive commercial poultry breeds. They are raised mainly for their meat production. They grow faster by consuming a certain amount of food. They convert the food into meat and converting ratio is also very good.
Cockerels: Cockerels are another meat productive poultry breeds. They also raised commercially for meat production. But their growing rate is very slow. Generally they grow slowly than any other commercial meat producing poultry breeds. They become very hardy and has a special demand in the market. Layers: Layers are used for commercial egg production. There are some layer poultry breeds available which can lay more than eggs annually.
After finishing profitable egg production stage, you can sell them for slaughtering purpose. Choose any of the above breeds according to your desired production and available facilities. Also keep in mind your local market while choosing effective poultry breeds for farming.
Visit your nearest market and try to understand which product has huge demand. Special attention has been given to lighting-schemes and feeding of the cocks and hens in the parent stock. Poultry farming is usually the business i recommend for retirees and individuals who are passionate about livestock farming.
In the past, people were non-challant about breeding birds or cultivating crops for profits. But with the recent global burst in population and a worldwide demand for food, people are now beginning to realize the potential of providing the most important basic need of man.
Below are reasons why I consider poultry farming a profitable business? Regardless of the economic situation, human beings must feed and since domestic birds are consumable; that makes poultry farming feasible. But before I go into the details of starting a poultry farming business, I want to emphatically state that the information provided in this article does not in any way replace the need for you to conduct a feasibility study, write a business plan for your poultry farm and do your own due diligence.
Select your Poultry Niche The poultry industry is a broad niche. There are many sub-sectors in the poultry industry which you can tap into. When poultry farming is mentioned, a lot of people take that to mean chicken rearing or turkey rearing alone but poultry farming is a very wide business with different aspects. Therefore, you have to choose your area of specialization. Of course, if you have enough capital and the technical know-how nothing stops you from doing all the businesses under poultry farming but it is always better to go back to the drawing board, find out which aspects of poultry farming are more profitable in your area in terms of demand and income and then select the most attractive aspects to concentrate on.
What type of bird will you be focusing on? Another important factor to consider is the type of birds you wish to rear. There are several types of birds that you can rear. Layers are usually raised mainly for laying eggs so if egg production is your area of specialization, you would need to stock your farm with layers but if you prefer to opt for meat production instead, then you would need broilers instead because broilers have the ability to grow very fat and gives more return on investment because they weigh a lot more than other breeds.
But for this article, I will be focusing on poultry breeding for egg and meat purposes with respect to the domestic fowl. Start-up Capital Investment The poultry farming business is capital intensive; depending on the scale, location of your farm and the type of management technology used. Like I stated earlier, scale is directly proportional to capital. Poultry Location A good location is vital to the success and profitability of your poultry farm.
While it is smart to start your poultry farm in a place where the odor and noise would not disturb other people, you should also consider the security factor. Lands in sparsely populated settlements are cheap and you would have fewer issues with community disturbance and zoning but it may be far from your market and buyers. You need to find a balance, look for a place that is favorable to you and would also be favorable to your customers at the same time. Housing your birds Another important factor to consider is the poultry housing system.
A good housing system is very important for your poultry farm. Deep litter, ii. Wire and slated floor, iii. Straw yard, iv. Battery cage a.
Free Range System-: Under free range poultry farming system, chickens are allowed to roam around on their own in search for food. This system cannot be used for commercial poultry farming because of the high level of risks involved.
The dust is changed regularly, either by removing and replacing or by layering. Deep litter system is used by a lot of poultry farmers because it increases efficiency and makes it easier to manage large flocks of birds but it allows for a faster spread of diseases when there is an outbreak and also makes it difficult to fish out unproductive birds.
Battery Cage System-: As for the battery cage system, metal cages are constructed inside a building to house the birds. The cages are usually split into different compartments to house small groups of birds.
The cages also contain feeding and water troughs as well as laying nests. Bird droppings fall on the floor and are cleaned mechanically by a scraper.
This method is considered to be the most effective for egg production but the major downside of this method is that it is more expensive to construct and maintain compared to other forms of poultry housing systems. Then you should consider housing your birds using the intensive system. Note that each of the three housing system has its own advantages and disadvantages. Lastly, your poultry housing structure should be built at a particular angle; taking sunlight and wind into consideration.
Poultry equipment and appliances There is a very long list of equipment and facilities to put in place in order to fully manage a poultry farm. You would need to construct a house for the birds, provide feeders and drinkers, a good waste disposal system, source of water, lightening and heat, egg crates and storage space for keeping feed and eggs.
Therefore, you should make a list of all the items you would need, find out the prices and compare different prices to further give you an idea of the costs of setting up the poultry farm. Feeding your birds-: Feeding is a major aspect of poultry farming. Therefore, it is imperative to figure out the feeding aspects of business before you go into it. You can easily learn how to make poultry feeds, purchase equipment and start producing feeds for your farm. You can even make some extra income for yourself by selling to others but it is important that you get the right feed formula and ingredients that would enhance the growth of your birds.
Poultry Farm staffing and manpower Operating a poultry farm is not labor intensive if the use of technology is employed. With respect to staffing, the number of manpower needed is also dependent on the size of your farm. But some must haves should be admin officer or manager; who will oversee the day to day running of your business.
Your manager can also double as your accountant to cut down cost. It is also advisable you have personnel who will reside permanently in the farm to monitor and see to the well being of your birds. You will also need security personnel that will monitor the inflow and outflow of people around your farm; and most importantly, guard against theft. Aside these few mentioned, you can add more personnel to suit your business needs.
Accounting-: I mentioned in one of my previous articles how a lot of poultry farmers take the accounting and record keeping aspects of their business for granted. Poultry farming is just like any other commercial business out there and for you to track your performance and productivity, adequate records must be kept. Health-: Just like you need regular health check-up to stay in good shape, the birds in your farm also need regular check-up. They need proper vaccines and medications to prevent diseases and promote growth.
You should have a consultant, a veterinary doctor who would be in charge of giving vaccinations and providing proper health care for the birds. Marketing-: Another factor to give consideration to is the marketing aspect of your poultry business. You have to find a way to reach your customers and this would be done by employing the right marketing techniques. Therefore, before you start a poultry business, you should really consider the marketing strategies which you would use to break into the market.
Projected return on investment The incubation period of the domestic fowl is 21 days. You can start selling off your birds as early as 8 — 12 weeks but full maturity is reached between 20 — 24 weeks.
The payback period of a poultry farming business is between 3 — 5 years. Five Challenges of Starting a Poultry Farming Business Poultry farming business is one of the most important and profitable aspect of livestock farming business especially in Nigeria. But like every other business, there are risks and challenges involved. Do you intend venturing into poultry farming but you would like to know the risks and challenges that you will be facing?
Specifically, how much you need and how much you have in your hand along with the sources of potential shortages.
Moreover, there is not only should include the different equipment costs but the cost of the chicks themselves. Learn more — 20 easy steps to write an effective business plan. If you want to get great profit from broiler poultry farm and maintaining good health of flocks then you should have a location with the suitable condition. So, the suitable region becomes an important aspect to open a broiler poultry farm.
Simply continue reading this guide and it will lead you to know all the necessary things to start your farm.Bird droppings fall on the floor and are cleaned mechanically by a scraper. Specifically, how much you need and how much you have in your hand along with the sources of potential shortages. Crucially, this ensures that developed strategies are socially acceptable. Free Range System-: Under free range poultry farming system, chickens are allowed to roam around on their own in search for food.
How to Be a Poultry Farmer If you want to be a poultry farmer, you must decide what type. So, you have to make a suitable house for your poultry birds so that they can be kept inside the house all time. This system cannot be used for commercial poultry farming because of the high level of risks involved. So most poultry farmers economize or ration the food given to the birds and this affects the output. The availability of genetic information from Ethiopian poultry has considerable academic impact as a resource for study of animal genetics and evolutionary biology in particular and will be a resource available to other scientists through the Domestic Animal Genetic Resources Information System at ILRI and the Frozen Ark project at University of Nottingham.
So there is grate opportunity of earning high profit with less effort. You can feed your birds commercial poultry feeds. Layers are usually raised mainly for laying eggs so if egg production is your area of specialization, you would need to stock your farm with layers but if you prefer to opt for meat production instead, then you would need broilers instead because broilers have the ability to grow very fat and gives more return on investment because they weigh a lot more than other breeds. Design of poultry house vary according to the breed and farming system. Outbreak of diseases When the environment is dirty, disease and infection is inevitable. However, low genetic potential and poor levels of husbandry mean that most indigenous breeds grow slowly and are poor producers of small eggs.
Both Abishu and Dessie say that their chicken and egg businesses have improved their livelihoods over the years. You must avoid bringing in contaminated equipment, vehicle,and foot wears.
You must avoid bringing in contaminated equipment, vehicle,and foot wears. To our knowledge this is the first survey simultaneously assessing the frequency of exposure to many major pathogens and investigating the cause of major outbreaks. Because, you can find land and labor in rural area easily and cheaply than urban areas.
Now, depending on market condition, he buys an egg for 2.
His major customers are wholesalers from Addis Ababa. Deep litter system is used by a lot of poultry farmers because it increases efficiency and makes it easier to manage large flocks of birds but it allows for a faster spread of diseases when there is an outbreak and also makes it difficult to fish out unproductive birds. But some must haves should be admin officer or manager; who will oversee the day to day running of your business. Poultry farming in Bangladesh is such a great business that can never dry up. Outbreak of diseases When the environment is dirty, disease and infection is inevitable.
Make proper drainage system inside the house so that you can easily clean the house. But in food business, itbecomes more crucial factor. Nearly 5, poultry farms are still being operated amid multiple problems. Do you intend venturing into poultry farming but you would like to know the risks and challenges that you will be facing?
Of course, if you have enough capital and the technical know-how nothing stops you from doing all the businesses under poultry farming but it is always better to go back to the drawing board, find out which aspects of poultry farming are more profitable in your area in terms of demand and income and then select the most attractive aspects to concentrate on. Product or service: The product is chickens and eggs.
Then we supply the chickens and eggs to different restaurant, super shop, hotel, community center, and bakery house as per their order. And they are below: Intensive System, Extensive System Fourth Step: Proper Location Selecting a suitable land is the main and foremost important thing for broiler poultry farming business. Because, you can find land and labor in rural area easily and cheaply than urban areas.
Poultry farming is just like any other commercial business out there and for you to track your performance and productivity, adequate records must be kept. Lands in sparsely populated settlements are cheap and you would have fewer issues with community disturbance and zoning but it may be far from your market and buyers. Abishu is a 28 year old chicken trader in Meki town.
Due to several issues including lack of support from the government and banks, once thriving small poultry farms are now being shut down after being unable to cope with financial losses Md Minhajul Abedin from Tangail had started a small poultry farm in his village in The LIVES project can contribute here by developing capacities and knowledge of farmers and traders on production and marketing strategies as well as by creating linkages with potential customers and market information sources. W e moreover supply our product chicken and Egg to the customers by own transport system with full responsibility. First of all we will buy chicken and eggs from different area around Dhaka city especially from Gazipur and put it into our farm and warehouse.
T h e k e y competitors are distributing chicken and eggs are regional competitors. Poultry business is full with competitors. So there is grate opportunity of earning high profit with less effort. There are no religious taboos for consuming any poultry birds meat and eggs in Bangladesh.