To customize styles, it is better to create a new css-file and connect it to the head of the page template. Files that start with a theme contain the rules of the basic Scroll Viewport theme. They should be edited in the case when new styles run into the basic ones.
Be careful when deleting and adding rules, remember the hierarchy of selectors, it can help out. The file manager does not work perfectly, you cannot add a folder to the desired directory, so you had to cheat.
I created a folder on my computer, added a file to it, and then loaded it into the desired directory with drag-and-drop. Once the folder is created, there are no problems with downloading files. Made minor changes to existing script files and added files of necessary libraries. If the changes are more significant, the scripts will have to be dealt with in more detail.
Editor HTML markup of article content In the process of working with Scroll Viewport, it turned out that we can make up, but not everything. How to typeset the main elements with classes and links? Where is HTML? By default it is not there. The variable suggests that we have to perform part of the layout directly on the article page, however, while only text can be edited there, but not tags. Fortunately, you can always search for plugins, and, what luck, the right one was found almost immediately.
This is the Confluence Source Editor. After installing it, you can also do some good old hypertext in the article editing mode. Content typeset using Source Editor. In total, I created two topics: for article pages and for the main documentation page. Viewport space settings: apply theme When a theme is created, it must be associated with space. To do this, you need to create a viewport in the space settings. Viewport is what connects space and theme.
Only by creating this entity, you can apply theme styles to the space. Enter the space of the desired product, open Space Settings - Add-ons. Here you can create a Viewport and manage it: set themes, content types, permissions, domain and path.
Form to link the space with the theme, create a viewport Choose a topic The Themes tab shows all created themes and one default theme that appears with the Scroll Viewport plugin. Select a theme and apply to the space. The Content tab allows you to select the type of content to which the theme will be applied. It is least interesting to us, as the key of space pulls in automatically. Configure addresses On the URL tab, you can select the domain and the path where the space will be opened, as well as set the address structure.
It will also be needed to separate the documentation into two domains by language. There are two types of URL structure: multilevel - the path reflects the hierarchy of articles of space and names of pages, one-level - all articles are available at the same level with numeric suffixes With the addresses of the pages there is a nuance. For articles in different languages, Confluence generates URLs in different ways.
In English, the name is displayed in the address, and in Russian - a disconnected set of letters, symbols and numbers. Scroll Viewport allows you to bring addresses to one type. If you choose a multi-level structure, then the addresses of Russian articles will display the name of the text in transliteration.
But you need to consider that when choosing multi-level URLs will depend on the title of the article. Change the name - will change the address of the article. If you select a single-level structure, the address will be less readable and understandable, but will no longer depend on the page title. We chose a multilevel type of structure and readable addresses, but we will have to monitor the change of article titles and set up redirects in time.
And we are still looking for the perfect option. We also use short links that always lead to the article and do not change, such a link can be found in the section Information about the page. Include topic In the Permissions tab, you can designate which users will be able to view the space using Viewport.
In order for anonymous users to see the documentation only in a given design, you need to put two checkmarks: Restrict access to Confluence UI, Automatically redirect users to viewport. Space view settings in the Permissions tab Customize the division by language We have documentation in English and Russian, so you need to open spaces in Russian on the domain.
In Scroll Viewport such settings are provided, but if you just enter a different domain from the main tab in the URL field in the Domain Name field, two domains will not work. This is a feature of the Scroll Viewport plugin. You need to set up a reverse proxy so that user requests are transmitted to Confluence and resolved to two domains there - see the Scroll Viewport instruction configurations for Nginx and TOMCAT.
After that, you must turn off co-editing mode or make additional changes. Now you can specify one of two domains in the Viewport settings. Themes for different languages Applying one theme to spaces in a different language will not work, because the theme includes not only styles, but also page templates. This means that the language of elements that are not displayed by variables does not change. For example, the text-placeholder in the search bar, contacts in the footer, etc.
So I had to do separate topics for spaces in Russian and English. In fact, I create themes that are identical in style, but the patterns for them are different, mostly in part of the text. In addition, the topic regulates the work of the search, too, and this is another argument in favor of the division by languages. As a result, I got four topics: two for the main pages in Russian and English, and two more for the content pages for each language. Inside them we set the search parameters: include-quicksearch.
Where to looking for By default, the search only works on the current space. If you need to search the list of spaces, you need to specify their keys in the settings include-quicksearch. In my case, each found link has a title, description, and the name of the space to which the article belongs. Here you can specify what the user will see if the search does not find anything. The relationship between the light-dependent reactions and the Calvin cycle.
All of the processes of photosynthesis both light-dependent and light-independent reactions occur within the chloroplast. By the end of this tutorial you should have a basic working understanding of: The energetics of photosynthesis The basic workings of the Calvin cycle including the fixation, reduction, and regeneration phases Performance objectives: Illustrate the importance of redox reactions in photosynthesis Review that relationship between the light dependent and light independent reactions Describe the inputs and outputs for the light independent reactions Energetics Before we begin our study of the Calvin cycle, let's look at the energetics of sugar synthesis.
We have already studied the catabolism breakdown of glucose during cellular respiration. You know that the process is exergonic and releases about kcal of energy. Remember the first law of thermodynamics? The Calvin cycle is the process by which glucose is made, and it requires all of that energy. Where does the energy come from?
The light reactions of photosynthesis produce ATP, which provides the Calvin cycle with the necessary energy. In addition, the NADPH produced by the light reactions provides the reducing power to put glucose together. As you should know from studying the Krebs cycle, metabolic cycles involve inputs and outputs, and some molecules are recycled to complete the cycle. The recycled molecule is ribulose bisphosphate RuBP. Examine figure 2 and locate these molecules in the cycle. Figure 2. The Calvin cycle.
Click image to enlarge Calvin's Methods Scientific knowledge is gained through observations and controlled experiments, but how does one study a process that can't be seen directly? About 50 years ago, Melvin Calvin tried to do just that.
The study of radioactive elements had become an important new field in chemistry during the war. Among these newly discovered radioactive elements was carbon On the day in that the Japanese surrendered, a friend and colleague told Calvin, "Now is the time to do something useful with radioactive carbon. Calvin knew that photosynthesis could only occur in living organisms. Thus, the study of the chemical process was a difficult one. He devised a method whereby he could raise algae Chlorella pyrenoidosa in a lollipop-shaped disk see Fig.
He set up a stream of air that could be controlled. He could inject radioactive carbon as carbon dioxide into the air stream for a set period of time. Then he would kill the algae with boiling methanol to stop the process of photosynthesis. He ran the experiment multiple times, each time killing the algae at different lengths of time after injecting carbon Figure 3. The Calvin-Benson apparatus. Click image to enlarge Calvin analyzed the dead algae to determine which molecules had incorporated the carbon The technique he used is called chromatography.
By comparing the molecules that contained carbon14 after each time period, he found a sequence of compounds that revealed the path of carbon dioxide as it was turned into glucose you can see an example of the data in Figure 4.
In the years that followed, other researchers have discovered the enzymes and other compounds that also function in the Calvin cycle. Figure 4. Autoradiograms showing the labeling of carbon compounds in the alga Chlorella after exposure to 14CO2. The five-carbon compound, ribulose bisphosphate RuBP , is joined with one molecule of carbon dioxide to produce a highly unstable 6-carbon compound.
These same pores are where oxygen, produced in the light reactions, escapes into the atmosphere. All the rest is html-tags.
Not all plants have leaves, but the ones that do are very efficient at converting solar into chemical energy. But you need to consider that when choosing multi-level URLs will depend on the title of the article. Chlorophyll, a biochemical that is common to all photosynthetic organisms, reflects green intermediate wavelengths, and absorbs energy from the violet-blue and reddish-orange wavelengths at opposite ends of the visible light spectrum. The study of radioactive elements had become an important new field in chemistry during the war.
Chlorophyll is a complex molecule that exists in several modifications or isomers in plants and other photosynthetic organisms.
Figure 2. Factors such as water depth and quality strongly influence the wavelengths of light available in different aquatic and marine environments, and play a large role in the photosynthetic function of different phytoplankton and other protistan species.