The abstract may be able to help identify some of the points; still, you cannot rely solely on it since the information is very condensed and you can miss certain key aspects. Read the Article Once you finished scanning your article, you need to read it thoroughly next.
Take each section and read it several times, considering your highlighted notes. As you read with the purpose of writing a summary for research paper, ask yourself the following questions: How does the design address the issues of the research?
What is the contribution of this study in answering the main question? Are the results convincing or surprising? What aspects did they still leave unanswered? When you feel like you can explain this study to someone else who has yet to read the article, then you are ready to start writing about it.
Be careful to take notes in your own words so that you can avoid plagiarism in your summary papers. Write the Summary Just like the abstract, the purpose of a summary for research paper will be to give the audience a brief overview of what that study says. You will need to find out what information is relevant and explain it briefly but thoroughly. All first drafts of your summary papers should follow the order of the original article. State the hypotheses that were tested.
Describe the methods in a few paragraphs participants, design, procedure, materials, independent and dependent variables, how they analyzed the data Talk about the results and explain why they were significant. There are a few instances when you might want to summarize an article. These are: To show how an author's ideas support your argument To argue against the author's ideas To condense a lot of information into a small space To increase your understanding of an article What Needs to Be Included in a Summary of an Article?
A great summary should include certain important elements that make the reading experience easier on the reader. A good summary will consist of the following elements. The main idea of the article is conveyed clearly and concisely The summary is written in the unique style of the writer The summary is much shorter than the original document The summary explains all of the important notions and arguments The summary condenses a lot of information into a small space How Do You Summarize an Article?
Summarizing an article can be boiled down to three simple steps. By following these steps, you should have a thorough, clear, and concise summary in no time. Identify the main idea or topic. Identify the important arguments.
Continue reading for detailed explanations of each of these steps. Identify the Main Idea or Topic The aim of an article is to convey a certain idea or topic through the use of exposition and logic. In a summary, you want to identify the main idea of the article and put this information into your own words.
To do this, you must be willing to read the article several times. On the first reading, try to gain a general notion of what the article is trying to say. Once you've done this write down your initial impression. This is most likely the thesis, or main idea, of the article. Also, be sure to include the author's first and last name and the title of the article in your notation for later reference.
When trying to identify the central idea, you should ask yourself, "Why was this essay written and published? Identify the place it was published, as this can help you determine the intended audience. Determine the date of publication. Determine the type of essay. Is it expository, argumentative, literary, scholarly? Take note of the tone of the piece. Identify certain notions or arguments that seem to be repeated throughout.
Applying these methods of identification, let's take a look at the article "Bypass Cure" by James Johnson. We can assume the subject of the article from the title. Upon further examination, it becomes clear that the author is arguing that new research suggests the best cure for diabetes is the surgical solution of a gastric bypass. Example: "Bypass Cure" by James Johnson records a recent discovery by researchers that people who have bypass surgery for weight control are also instantly cured of diabetes.
Since rising diabetic rates and obesity has become a worldwide concern, the article provides a startling but controversial potential solution. Now that we have identified the main idea of the article, we can move onto the next step. Think of the thesis of your summary as a caption on a picture.
Example: In spite of having lost most of the season due to an injury, Jim Johnson beat his own record and won the meet, qualifying him for the state finals. Source 2. Identify Important Arguments At this point in the preparation process, you should read the article again.
This time, read more carefully. Look specifically for the supporting arguments. Some tips on how to identify the important arguments of an article are listed below. How to Identify Important Arguments in an Article Read on a paper copy or use a computer program that lets you make annotations. Underline the topic sentence of each paragraph. If no one sentence tells the main concept, then write a summary of the main point in the margin.In your own words, rewrite those main ideas. All you have to do is to efficiently work on them and formate the information as guided by them. You will always have something to teach others when you finish your research. Text How is the essay organized? You should also keep this thing in mind and should strive for the value of your research. To organize your research summary, each topic must be the page number. Simply write: 4 Remember, there is no period after discussed in separate paragraphs. If possible, your first sentence should summarize the article.
Use complete sentences with good transition words. Remember that your research summary is a mini-paper of your study and it should contain the main ideas of your entire research. Thus your summary will be a fostering element for the future researchers and researches. When trying to identify the central idea, you should ask yourself, "Why was this essay written and published?
Helped me to concentrate on important subjects instead. Does that make his or her argument more or less believable? So you should tell what you have faced during your research without any confusion, fear or hesitation. Reader: You can write this section by inferring who the intended reader is, as well as looking at the text from the viewpoint of other sorts of readers. This will make your summary very strong and useful for the readers as they will know what can change the results or give an unexpected result. Brainstorm a lot, then start writing.
She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Describe the methods in a few paragraphs participants, design, procedure, materials, independent and dependent variables, how they analyzed the data Talk about the results and explain why they were significant. To do this, use "author tags," which are either the last name of the author or a pronoun he or she to show you are still discussing that person's ideas. Reference the following sentence as an example.
Also, be sure to include the author's first and last name and the title of the article in your notation for later reference. How do you write your papers? When your readers read your research paper and summary, they would also think about this question. Just start writing, then revise Pre-write, outline, write, revise. How to Identify Important Arguments in an Article Read on a paper copy or use a computer program that lets you make annotations.
He or she will work all the way around to format your summary in the best way. If you are NOT indenting, you will start each paragraph flush to the left margin. It will give your readers an idea of how the research is done, what methodologies are used, who is involved and what equipments are used. Try to avoid any generalities, and keep your summary papers concise, focused. The result is OK for the price they charge. However, if the summary was written with the purpose of being included in a paper that you are currently writing, you may want to stick to how that certain article relates to your paper.
Use the width of your thumb as a rough guide.
Now that we have identified the main idea of the article, we can move onto the next step. John Wood, in "Cats Don't Dance," explains Two things have to be taken care of while writing a summary. List of Author Tags.
Identify Important Arguments At this point in the preparation process, you should read the article again.