Note however that more authentic thematic reviews tend to break away from chronological order. Your question should address a specific population in a specific academic focus using a specific research method. Historical literature reviews focus on examining research throughout a period of time, often starting with the first time an issue, concept, theory, phenomena emerged in the literature, then tracing its evolution within the scholarship of a discipline. For example, what might cultural anthropologists say about the continuing conflict in the Middle East? You can also use this method to explore what is considered by scholars to be a "hot topic" and what is not. Sources in your literature review do not clearly relate to the research problem; You do not take sufficient time to define and identify the most relevent sources to use in the literature review related to the research problem; Relies exclusively on secondary analytical sources rather than including relevant primary research studies or data; Uncritically accepts another researcher's findings and interpretations as valid, rather than examining critically all aspects of the research design and analysis; Does not describe the search procedures that were used in identifying the literature to review; Reports isolated statistical results rather than synthesizing them in chi-squared or meta-analytic methods; and, Only includes research that validates assumptions and does not consider contrary findings and alternative interpretations found in the literature.
You could also move from broad studies to more specific, smaller studies, or vice versa. References: Provide Thorough Citations Once you have composed the body of your review, ensure all of your citations are correctly formatted and write your references pages. Princeton: Princeton University Press, All variables had negative coefficients that were significant at the 5 percent level, except for the union variable which was, unexpectedly, negative and insignificant Cook, Kathleen E.
Fink, Arlene. The critical evaluation of each work should consider: Provenance -- what are the author's credentials?
They found that higher state wages and a measure of the congressperson's liberalism were always positively and significantly associated with votes for, while percentage of blacks in the state was negatively related, but not significant, in all the cross sections.
More recently, Seltzer explored support in both the House and Senate for the introduction of the federal minimum wage law.
First, there are the primary studies that researchers conduct and publish. Discuss and present your research question and how the answer you discover will fill in another piece of the puzzle in your field. Princeton: Princeton University Press, Were the results effectively interpreted and reported? Should I summarize, synthesize, or critique sources by discussing a common theme or issue? Or, does is merely add more of the same thing being said?
Akyeampong, Earnest B. Given the value-laden nature of some social science research [e. First, there are the primary studies that researchers conduct and publish. If the same thing is being said, just by different people, then this likely demonstrates that the research problem has hit a conceptual dead end. Historical literature reviews focus on examining research throughout a period of time, often starting with the first time an issue, concept, theory, phenomena emerged in the literature, then tracing its evolution within the scholarship of a discipline. Third, there are the perceptions, conclusions, opinion, and interpretations that are shared informally that become part of the lore of field.
Does it forge a new path?
Body: Summarize Published Studies The body of your review should be organized methodically to summarize and present the findings of other studies in the field you are addressing. Were the results effectively interpreted and reported?
Given the value-laden nature of some social science research [e. Sometimes you may need to quote certain terminology that was coined by the author, not common knowledge, or taken directly from the study. Clearly defining your question helps define the focus of your review. Here are examples of other sections you may need to include depending on the type of review you write: Current Situation: information necessary to understand the topic or focus of the literature review.
An earlier contribution is Silberman and Durden who examined congressmen's votes for the amendment to increase the minimum wage. Convince your reader that your study will fill a void in the research that already exists. Silberman Jonathan I.
Fourth edition. You could organize the review by topic, highlighting studies in your specific population, then academic focus, then research method. The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity. The only difference here between a "chronological" and a "thematic" approach is what is emphasized the most: the role of the Internet in presidential politics. Resolve conflicts amongst seemingly contradictory previous studies. For example, weave references to other sources into what you are writing but maintain your own voice by starting and ending the paragraph with your own ideas and wording.